Our first stop after flying non-stop to Frankfurt, was to catch another flight into Berlin, where we stayed 2 days and 1 night seeing the "top sights" of the city.
Our first stop was the Pergamon Museum. The Museum has been undergoing remodeling for quite awhile and was still remodeling some when we arrived. However, the main attraction was open for tourists so that was important.
The Pergamon Museum houses one of the Gates of Babylon (Ishtar Gates). The Gates were taken down brick by brick, labeled, and then put back together like a puzzle.
There were many gates of Babylon and this was one of the smaller entrances, but it was still extremely high and beautifully decorated with blue stones and pictures of lions, dragons (the snake looking thing with feet), and bulls.
Beside the walls was a replica of Hammurabi's Code- the oldest existing legal document depicting the laws and consequences. Written on a large black stone, were things like "an eye for an eye" in cuneiform. The original is found in the Louvre (which unfortunately was one of the only big hiccups in Brian's spreadsheet).
Ishtar was a Goddess whose favorite animal was the lion, so along the gates and other artifacts you can see lots of lions.
In addition to the Ishtar Gates of Babylon, were many examples of cuneiform writing. Tales of Ishtar and King Nebucanezzer, and the Assyrian Kings were in wall carvings.
Another item found in the Pergamon Museum was Roman remains of a market place. The Roman Empire stretched as far north as Great Britian and had conquered and ruled a large portion of Germany (then known as Gaul). So it wasn't surprising that the German's should find the ruins of Ancient Roman buildings- one being a large marketplace area.
Around the market place were statues of different Roman gods and goddesses, as well as special tributes to Emperors Trajan and Hadrian (known as 2 of the 5 Great Emperors).
Further in the museum, they had an exhibit of Ancient Islamic Art. As we had a short period of time before the museum closed, I'm afraid we have fewer notes on these items. However, I love the detail that was spent on each item.
After the museum, we walked around in search of the Reichstag. The Reichstag is equivalent to the United States Congress building, it holds the German Parliament. While it may appear quite dark in the photograph, you must know the actual time was around 4:30-5:00pm. And as we were there before Christmas you can also see the capitals' large Christmas tree on display in front of the building.
Fast Fact- The tradition of decorating a tree at Christmas time, comes from the Germans. It was picked up and integrated with England's culture by Queen Victoria (who was related to the German royal family). Then it was past down to the Americas.
Across the street from the Reichstag (or if not right there very close) was Brandunburg Gate. Originally the gate was one of 13 that surrounded the city of Berlin. This gate was the starting point from the city of Berlin towards the city of Brandenburg. On top of the gate sits Eiren, Goddess of Peace, being pulled in a chariot behind 4 horsemen. When Napoleon conquered Berlin, he took the goddess from the top of the building and took it back to Paris to show his triumph over the Germans. After Napoleon was defeated it was returned to Germany.
Our last stop in Berlin, was to see the infamous Berlin Wall. While most of it was torn down, a large section of the wall remains up as a reminder of the days when Berlin was divided: east and west.
In addition to the wall, they had a commemorative wall showing the people who had lost their lives along the wall attempting to escape from East Berlin (Soviet controlled) into Western Berlin (Allied controlled- France, Great Britian, United States...).
Also towards the back there were some slabs that were removed from the wall but posted in a "stockpile area". It was interesting to see them separately.
Later we learned (as we headed once more to the subway) that the Berlin wall was not just above ground. In fact (and I as a history major did not know this) many of the connecting subway tunnels were blocked up. Anyway, it was just something I had never really thought about before although it makes complete sense that they wouldn't just eliminate 1 possibly for dividing the city and preventing interaction but would prevent as many opportunities as they could.
In all, Berlin was unfortunately not my favorite city. As a history major I would have loved to see more historical buildings and culture; however, the effects of World War 2 bombs and Soviet control seemed to have eliminated much of that. We did see lots of Soviet style buildings, tons of graffiti, and a smoker's paradise. Almost everyone we saw smoked. So if I ever build a cigarette factory or become a Pulmonologist (lung doctor) I would definitely invest in some real estate in Berlin- I'd make a fortune!
(Next stop: Prague, Czech Republic)